Daily Market Analysis by Vinson Financials

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Financial New for August 07, 2015

Bank of Japan holds course

The JPY has been under pressure for some days now, particularly against the USD. The Bank of Japan's meeting did not move the FX markets during the night. As expected, not much has changed in Japan.

The BoJ continues to buy huge amounts of government bonds. So far, the markets are not interested in the fact that the quantitative and qualitative easing (QQE) does not have the desired effects.
Commerzbank suspects, "For now, any USD/JPY fluctuations will be triggered by developments on the USD side. If the US labour market report is favourable, the exchange rate might pass the threshold of 125 today."

Market Review for August 07, 2015

The Bank of Japan maintained its massive stimulus program and upbeat view of the economy, ignoring the recent weak data that clouded the prospects for hitting its 2.00% Inflation target. BOJ Governor Haruhiko Kuroda stressed that the current weakness in Japan's exports and household spending was temporary, sticking to the view the world's third largest economy continues to recover moderately. Furthermore, Kuroda acknowledged that China and other emerging market economies were slowing while he maintained the view that overseas demand will pick up as strength in advanced economies broadens out. USD/JPY is currently trading near the 124.75 area with the next resistance seen at 125.00 level.

Released during the Asian session this morning, the Australian Home Loans rose 4.4% missing the estimated 5.2% while AIG Construction Index came in at 47.1 versus the previous of 46.4. AUD/USD is currently trading near the 0.7372 area after reaching to the 0.7247 level in previous days.

Released during the early European session, the Swiss Unemployment Rate rose 3.3%, as widely expected, causing insignificant impact on the CHF, USD/CHF hit fresh four- month highs and currently is trading near the 0.9800 area.

EUR/USD spiked higher today despite the mixed economic data from Germany and France. Released from Germany, Industrial Production dropped -1.4% versus the estimated 0.3% while Trade Balance came in at 22.0B missing the estimated 23.2B. Released from France, General Budget Outcome came in at -58.5B versus the previous of -63.9B, Industrial Production dropped -0.1% missing the estimated 0.3% and Trade Balance came in at -2.7B beating the estimated -3.7B. The EUR/USD pair is currently trading near the 1.0940 area awaiting for today’s economic data from the United States.

The main focus for the day will be the United States jobs data and the Canadian jobs data. The United States Non-Farm Employment Change is expected to show 222k growth with unemployment rate unchanged at 5.3%, while average hourly earnings are expected to grow 0.2%. Today’s Job data has major importance, as it will be indication for the FOMC members to find he needed evidence for "some further improvement in labor market" for their decision for rate hike timing.

Data releases to monitor:

CAD: Building Permits, Employment Change, Unemployment Rate, Ivey PMI.

USD: Average Hourly Earnings, Non-Farm Employment Change, Unemployment Rate, Consumer Credit.

GBP: Trade Balance.

Trade Idea of the Day

CAD/JPY


Currently the pair is trading at 95.13. Traders must monitor the 95.92 resistance level and the support level of 94.10 for possible breakouts. A possible scenario would be a movement towards the 95.53 resistance level where a break may lead to the 95.80 area. An alternative scenario could be a movement towards the 94.80 support level where a break could lead to the 94.45 area.

 

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Financial News Monday August 10, 2015

Swiss inflation to be near 0 by 2016

Over a one-year horizon, the outlook for Swiss inflation remains very weak. By 2016, Switzerland is expected to be the only G10 country with inflation still hugging zero.

"The SNB does not expect inflation to turn positive until early 2017 and it expects to keep rates at -0.75% throughout the forecast horizon (Q1 2018)", says RBC capital markets.

The ECB is expected to end QE in Sept 2016 which should allow EUR/CHF to drift back towards fair value over time.

GBP higher, but risks remain


Longer-term, there are two key risks for GBP, the UK's unsustainable current account deficit (6.2% of GDP) and the EU referendum, promised for end-2017 at the latest.

Both are manageable, however.

The current account deficit is the counterpart to the budget deficit domestically and so long as the government's fiscal strategy is credible, it should remain fundable.

"This would have been a much greater risk under other, less certain, election outcomes. When we look in detail at the EU referendum risk, we concluded the UK electorate is probably less Eurosceptic than the most recent opinion polls imply", says RBC capital markets.


In the longer term, the balance of opinion has almost always been in favour of staying in and it still is when pollsters add a qualification that the government recommends voting to stay. The long-term view on GBP is moderately constructive.

Market Review August 10, 2015


US employment rose in July and wages rebounded after a surprise stand in the prior month, providing signs of an improving economy that could open the door wider to a Federal Reserve interest rate hike in September. Non-farm payrolls increased 215K versus expectation of 225k, while jobless rate was held at a seven-year low of 5.3 per cent and Average hourly earnings rose 0.2% in line with consensus, according to the US Labour Department. The data was not strong enough in order to insure that the Fed will proceed with a rate hike, as it did not provide the needed evidence of "some further improvements" that the Fed was looking for. The US Dollar seems that lost some of its strength against the other majors after the release of the Job Data.

EUR/USD dropped heavily at the end of last week's trade, but consolidated after the US Job Data and rallied off the 1.0855 level reaching to the 1.0978 level and closed the week at the 1.0958 level.

Released from Japan during the Asian session and early European session this morning, Current Account came in at 1.30T versus the estimated 1.41T, Bank Lending rose 2.6% versus the previous of 2.5% and Economy Watchers Sentiment came in at 51.6 missing the estimated 53.1.

Moreover, the BOJ in its Monthly Report reversed its previous estimates of economic growth pointing to positive numbers almost across the board. The central bank stated that Japanese exports are expected to increase moderately and that business fixed investment is projected to continue growing modestly. Private consumption is expected to remain robust and housing investment should be improving. The report also pointed to continued improvement in the employment sector. USD/JPY is currently trading near the 124.45 area with the next resistance seen at the 125.06 level.

The key events for the day will be released from the United States. More specifically, FOMC Member Lockhart and Member Fischer are due to speak today. In addition, Sentix Investor Confidence will be released from Europe and Labour Market Conditions Index will be released from the United States.

Data releases to monitor:

EUR: Sentix Investor Confidence.

USD: FOMC Member Fischer speech, FOMC Member Lockhart speech, Labour Market Conditions Index.

Trade Idea of the Day

EUR/USD


Currently the pair is trading at 1.0962. Traders must monitor the 1.1113 resistance level and the support level of1.0847 for possible breakouts. A possible scenario would be a movement towards the 1.0980 resistance level where a break may lead to the 1.1030 area. An alternative scenario could be a movement towards the 1.0910 support level where a break could lead to the 1.0875 area.

 

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Financial News August 11, 2015

USD again in demand as safe haven after PBoC's decission



The PBoC today's decision to lift the USD-CNY fixing by almost 2% has thrown the market into turmoil. Concerns about the Chinese economy have resurfaced again and are weighing on the currencies of those countries for which China is an important trade partner, in particular the AUD and the NZD.

What is somewhat more surprising is that safe-haven demand for USD has jumped this morning. This has not always been the case during Chinese market fluctuations in the last few weeks.In fact, however, external risks for the USD from this side should not be underestimated, says Commerzbank. While the Fed obviously focuses on domestic developments, Fed Vice-Chairman Stanley Fischer confirmed only yesterday that he and his colleagues are currently less worried about the US labor market than about inflation.

To a significant extent, the low inflation rate is due to temporary factors, such as the oil price decline. However, the declining oil prices have started to drag down long-term inflation expectations again - and this development is certainly a cause for concern, as it does not create the ideal environment for a pick-up in inflation any time soon. And since a pronounced economic slowdown in China would weigh not only on global growth, but also on oil prices, it would not surprise anyone if the recent developments were thought to be negative for the USD, too, adds Commerzbank.


SNB benefits from strong EUR


The franc has depreciated palpably versus the euro in the last few days caused EUR-CHF to reach its highest level in months.
The general trend of the EUR exchange rates suggests that most of the rise in EUR-CHF is due to a strong EUR.

After all, the EUR has appreciated versus other currencies, too, for example the SEK, the GBP and the USD - probably due to the recent pick-up in euro-area growth and inflation. Progress with the negotiations about a third bail-out package for Greece is another supportive factor. This situation is ideal for the SNB.According to Commerzbank, "The strong EUR is driving the market equilibrium EUR-CHF exchange rate upwards, which means that appreciation pressures are declining and the SNB does not need to intervene to weaken the franc any more. Of course, it cannot be excluded that the SNB uses this opportunity to accelerate the upward movement of EUR-CHF by interventions. Nevertheless, it can relax somewhat in view of the current EUR strength. Still, we doubt that the situation will last."


Market Review August 11, 2015

China’s central bank devalued its currency, causing its biggest one-day loss in two decades. The devaluation was the most significant downward adjustment to the Yuan since 1994. PBoC lowered the Yuan’s fixing by -1.9% from the previous trading day, leaving the fixing at 6.2298 to USD compared to the 6.1162, which was yesterday. Chinese authorities said the change would help drive the currency toward more market-driven movements. The move also signalled the government’s growing worry about slow growth. A shift toward a weaker currency could help boosting exports at a time when many other efforts to boost the economy have not proven very effective. China’s central bank announcement dragged Australian dollar against the US dollar to the 0.7305 level after reaching to the 0.7439 level in previous days.
Released during the Asian session this morning, the Japanese M2 Money Stock rose 4.1% beating the estimated 3.9% while Prelim Machine Tool Orders rose 1.6% compared to the previous of 6.6%. USD/JPY is currently trading near the 125.00 level after reaching to the 124.09 level in previous days.

Released during the early European session, the German Wholesale Price Index (WPI) rose 0.1% versus the estimated 0.2% causing insignificant impact on EUR/USD, which is currently trading near the 1.1008 level with the next resistance seen at the 1.1040 level.

The key events for the day will be German ZEW Economic Sentiment, the United States Prelim Unit Labour Costs and Prelim Nonfarm Productivity.

Additional economic releases will be the Canadian Housing Starts and the United Kingdom CB Leading Index.

Data releases to monitor:
EUR: German ZEW Economic Sentiment, ZEW Economic Sentiment.
USD: NFIB Small Business Index, Prelim Unit Labour Costs, Prelim Nonfarm Productivity, Wholesale Inventories.
GBP: CB Leading Index.
CAD: Housing Starts.

Trade Idea of the Day

AUD/JPY


Currently the pair is trading at 91.55. Traders must monitor the 92.68 resistance level and the support level of 89.96 for possible breakouts. A possible scenario would be a movement towards the 91.00 support level where a break may lead to the 90.55 area. An alternative scenario could be a movement towards the 92.09 resistance level where a break could lead to the 92.40 area.

 

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Financial News August 12, 2015

No Greek chaos this time round



The experts from the extended troika (The ECB, the EU Commission, the IMF and now also the ESM) appear to have reached a 'basic' agreement at 'technical level' with the Greek government on a new aid package.

Only a few details allegedly still need to be worked out. The Greek parliament is to vote on the agreement tomorrow, followed by the euro zone finance ministers on Friday and then the remaining countries.
If all goes well, Greece will have fresh funds next Thursday to pay back the ECB the €3bn due. The leftist wing of Syriza has already said it intends to vote against the agreement. And in other countries, too, not least in Germany, there is a growing body of dissent regarding another aid package. So the votes aren't a cut and dried thing at all, but the market should be spared the wheeling and dealing of July, says Commerzbank.

The FX market is responding by sending the euro above 1.1050 to the dollar. The devaluation of the yuan has seriously shaken the Asian markets and has already given rise to new doubts of a Fed rate hike as early as September. Greece first has to implement the reforms demanded, and the Fed is expected to act in September, meaning that the dollar will gain ground again over the coming weeks, adds Commerzbank.


Market Review August 12, 2015

The International Monetary Fund welcomed China’s move to devalue the Yuan and added that it does not directly affect the country’s push to win reserve currency status. The comments by the IMF came as China cut the value of the Yuan for a second day by setting the daily midpoint reference to 6.3306 per dollar and after surprising markets on Tuesday when it lowered the Yuan’s value by the most in two decades and since 1994. The central bank said the move would boost exports and improve the economy gradually. Asian markets are weighed down by intensifying worry over China’s move. AUD/USD dropped further, reaching as low as the 0.7215 level while NZD/USD hit fresh six-year lows of 0.6466.

Elsewhere, Greece agreed to harsh terms for a new three-year bailout on Tuesday and vowed to push it through Parliament this week, despite mounting dissent in the ruling left-wing party. With the country facing the risk of a debt default next week, Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras had sought to speed up the talks after Greece and its creditors reached an agreement on the main points on Tuesday. The agreement still requires approval from higher-level representatives and senior finance officials from the 28 EU states, while Greek Parliament will vote on Thursday to decide if the measures in the third bailout program will be implemented.

Released during the Asian session this morning, the Japanese Revised Industrial Production rose 1.1% beating the estimated 0.8%, Tertiary Industry Activity rose 0.3% versus the 0.1% and Producer Price Index (PPI) dropped -3.0% versus the estimated -2.9%. USD/JPY remained above the 124.50 level and currently is trading near the 124.60 area. Australia Westpac consumer confidence rose 7.8% in August while wage cost index rose 0.6%, as widely expected.

Released during the early European session, China’s Industrial Production rose 6.0% missing the estimated 6.7%, Fixed Asset Investment rose 11.2% versus the estimated 11.5% and Retail Sales rose 10.5%.

The key events for the day will be United Kingdom job data, the United States JOLTS Job Openings and Federal Budget Balance and Eurozone industrial production.

Additional economic releases will be the Swiss ZEW expectations and RBA Deputy Governor Lowe speech.

Data releases to monitor:

EUR: Industrial Production, German 10-y Bond Auction, Greek Gov Debt Crisis Vote, Italian Trade Balance.

USD: FOMC Member Dudley speech, JOLTS Job Openings, Crude Oil Inventories, 10-y Bond Auction, Federal Budget Balance.

GBP: Average Earnings Index, Claimant Count Change, Unemployment Rate.

CHF: ZEW Economic Expectations.

AUD: BA Deputy Gov Lowe speech.


Trade Idea of the Day

NZD/CHF


Currently the pair is trading at 0.6421. Traders must monitor the 0.6520 resistance level and the support level of 0.6341 for possible breakouts. A possible scenario would be a movement towards the 0.6383 support level where a break may lead to the 0.6360 area. An alternative scenario could be a movement towards the 0.6452 resistance level where a break could lead to the 0.6485 area.

 

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Financial News August 13, 2015
Chinas depreciation reason to postpone Fed rate hikes?

A sack of rice falls over in China, and the global financial markets tremble. Of course, this is not just any old sack. The decision by the Chinese central bank, to allow market forces to play a greater role in determining its fixing rate of USD-CNY with immediate effect undoubtedly represents a historic breakthrough.



Commerzbank assumes, the market might indeed interpret developments in China as negative for the USD. For a marked economic slowdown in China would of course have important implications for global economic growth and the commodity markets. Therefore, the Fed might well regard this as posing a risk to growth and inflation in the USA, says Commerzban in a report on Thursday.


However, it is not more than a risk factor. The extent of the growth slowdown in China is not yet known, let alone the contagion effects for the US economy. And the recent measures taken by the PBoC are certainly also intended to support the economy and prevent a "hard landing". It may be somewhat premature to completely dismiss the prospect of an interest rate hike by the Fed in September, as the market did yesterday, adds Commerzbank.


Is EUR a Safe Haven?

While the reaction of USD exchange rates to developments in China is understandable, the movement in EUR rates is somewhat surprising. For the EUR has benefited most so far - clearly acting as a safe haven.



"However, some important factors militate against the continuing strength of the EUR. On the one hand, a marked growth downturn in China would presumably hit the Eurozone as hard, if not even harder than the US. And this would be against a backdrop of the ECB already in expansionary mode to stimulate economic growth and inflation", according to Commerzbank.


This would not raise the question of whether the ECB will defer normalising its monetary policy, but whether it might take further expansionary measures. Moreover, the ECB is likely to show a particularly marked allergic reaction to a stronger appreciation of the EUR, which would endanger its inflation target. Commerzbank suggests, somehwat of a correction of the EUR strength is required.



Market Review August 13, 2015

Once again, China was the main focus of the day, as China’s Central bank weakened its currency further by 1.1% after previous official cuts. More specifically, the central bank put the Yuan’s central parity rate at 6.4010 Yuan for $1, a drop of 1.11% from the previous day’s 6.3306. Furthermore, it was also lower than Wednesday’s close, which came after China adopted a more market-oriented method of calculating the currency rate in a move widely seen as a devaluation. Rumours say that China's devaluation of Yuan may delay Fed's rate hike as China's move was seen as deflationary to the United States and could trigger much uncertainty in the global financial markets.


Released during the Asian session this morning, New Zealand manufacturing index dropped to 53.5 versus the previous of 55.10 while Australia’s Consumer inflation expectation rose 3.7% compared to the previous of 3.4%. Moreover, RBA warned investors to be on guard for unexpected fallout from China's decision to devalue the Yuan, which has triggered large shifts in exchange rates around the region. "We know that movements in exchange rates often set off a chain reaction of events which can be difficult to predict," said Reserve Bank deputy governor Philip Lowe. AUD/USD dropped yesterday to the 0.7215 area but did not remain there as the pair climbed back to the 0.7350 area, where is currently trading.


Released from Japan during the Asian session, Core Machinery Orders dropped -7.9% versus the estimated -5.3%. USD/JPY dropped to the 123.78 level on Wednesday and currently is trading near the 124.55 area.


Released during the early European session, German Final CPI rose 0.2%, while French CPI dropped -0.4%. EUR/USD remained above the 1.1100 handle and reached as high as the 1.1223 level. Currently the pair is trading near the 1.1120 area. Furthermore, Swiss PPI dropped -0.3% versus the estimated -0.2% causing insignificant impact on the CHF, which gain some strength against the relatively weak US Dollar.


The key events for the day will be ECB Monetary Policy Meeting Accounts, the United States Core Retail Sales and Unemployment Claims.


Data releases to monitor:

EUR: ECB Monetary Policy Meeting Accounts.

USD: Core Retail Sales, Retail Sales, Unemployment Claims, Import Prices, Business Inventories, Natural Gas Storage, 30-y Bond Auction.

CAD: NHPI.

Trade Idea of the Day

AUD/USD

Currently the pair is trading at 0.7352. Traders must monitor the 0.7438 resistance level and the support level of 0.7215 for possible breakouts. A possible scenario would be a movement towards the 0.7300 support level where a break may lead to the 0.7265 area. An alternative scenario could be a movement towards the 0.7390 resistance level where a break could lead to the 0.7425 area.

 

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Financial News August 14, 2015

CNY flexibility takes leap forward



Adjustment in the USDCNY fixing was announced earlier this week as a further step towards liberalising the domestic FX market. The move also reflects the fact that the CNY REER has been far stronger than other currencies.

Weaker trade data seem to have increased pressure on the authorities to allow greater currency flexibility. In fact, the CNY REER has appreciated about 18.5% since mid-2014, a far bigger rise than most other currencies, as China has not let the CNY weaken despite a broadly stronger USD, notes Barclays.
The PBoC noted that it will increase yuan flexibility while moving towards convergence of onshore and offshore rates. Importantly, China's central bank now decides the yuan midpoint based on market-makers' quotes, together with closing quotes. The implication is that the fixing will be much more dependent on the market and could move in a more volatile and potentially weaker trajectory than previously, depending on market movements, states Barclays.


German GDP growth rate on downside risk

The Chinese export boom reached its peak quite some time ago and support from South-East Asia as a whole has been shrinking noticeably in recent years, China's problems will impose quite a strain on the German economy.

Commerzbank says, "And while they will hardly threaten the present upturn, the risks for our growth forecast (+1.8% both this year and next) are on the downside, especially next year."

The impact would of course be even greater if China's problems ballooned to become a general emerging market crisis. Some 40% of all German exports are meanwhile destined for these countries, and almost 15% of German value added depends directly or indirectly on local final demand. In addition, in this case we would see significant second round effects, i.e. a weaker demand in the Emerging markets would be a break on the economy in the industrial countries. In that case, the German upswing would be clearly in danger, added Commerzbank.



Market Review August 14, 2015


New Zealand retail sales rose 0.1% versus the estimated 0.5%, while Core Retail Sales rose 0.1% missing the estimated 0.7%. The dominant NZD/USD trend continues to favour the downside despite the slight recovery from the six-year low of 0.6466 reached last Tuesday. The pair is currently trading near the 0.6542 area with the next support seen at the 0.6513 level.

Elsewhere, RBA Assistant Governor Christopher Kent stated that the current monetary policy is helping to support the economy despite limited assistance from other sources of demand. Furthermore, he added that policy “is working against some strong headwinds” and that “Consumption growth has picked up since 2013. But it is still a little weaker than suggested by historical experience”. AUD/USD had seen some recovery from the current week losses. The pair is currently trading near the 0.7388 and it seems that is approaching current week's highs of 0.7439.

China’s Central bank moves to ease uncertainty around currency on global markets after raising the value of the Yuan against the US dollar by 0.05%, and ending three days of falls in a surprise series of devaluations. The daily reference rate was set at 6.3975 Yuan to $1, from 6.4010 the previous day, which was also slightly stronger than Thursday’s close of 6.3982 Yuan.

Released during the early European session, French Prelim GDP rose 0.0% versus the estimated 0.2%, French Prelim Non-Farm Payrolls rose 0.2% versus the estimated 0.1% and German Prelim GDP rose 0.4% missing the estimated 0.5%. Furthermore, the Greek lawmakers approved their country's draft third bailout in a parliamentary vote that relied on opposition party support and saw the government coalition suffer significant dissent.The vote came after a marathon all-night session marked by procedural delays and acrimonious debate over the three-year, about 85 billion-euro rescue package that includes harsh spending cuts and tax hikes. Greece needs the money to avoid defaulting on its debts and securing its future in the euro currency. EUR/USD remained near the 1.1147 area with the next resistance seen at the 1.1213 level.

The key events for the day will be the Canadian Manufacturing Sales, the United States Producer Price Index (PPI), Prelim UoM Consumer Sentiment, Industrial Production and Capacity Utilization Rate.

Additional economic releases will be the Eurostat Final CPI, Flash GDP and Final Core CPI.

Data releases to monitor:


EUR: Italian Prelim GDP, Final CPI, Flash GDP, Final Core CPI, Eurogroup Meetings.

USD: PPI, Core PPI, Capacity Utilization Rate, Industrial Production, Prelim UoM Consumer Sentiment, Prelim UoM Inflation Expectations.

CAD: Manufacturing Sales.

GBP: Construction Output.

Trade Idea of the Day

USD/CAD


Currently the pair is trading at 1.3067. Traders must monitor the 1.3196 resistance level and the support level of 1.2950 for possible breakouts. A possible scenario would be a movement towards the 1.3102 resistance level where a break may lead to the 1.3145 area. An alternative scenario could be a movement towards the 1.3008 support level where a break could lead to the 1.2975 area.

 

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Financial News August 17, 2015


CNY under pressure due to capital outflows

PBoC set the USD-CNY fixing rate at 6.3969 this morning, compared with the previous fixing of 6.3912. Both CNY and CNH exchange rates were narrowly range traded last Friday and this morning.

Ma Jun, chief economist of PBoC, said over the weekend that the CNY exchange rate will probably move in both directions in the future, following last week's devaluation, says Commerzbank.
In addition, FX purchase positions on the balance sheet of PBoC dropped by CNY308bn in July, the biggest decline in record. This signals that the central bank stepped up intervention to stabilize the CNY exchange rate in July. In general, CNY is still under pressure to weaken due to strong capital outflows, adds Commerzbank.

Australia's concerns towards risks from China to rise

The Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) will release the minutes of its August meeting during the night. However, one should not read too much into these statements.

For Australia, economic developments in China, its largest trading partner, are the biggest risk.

Con-cerns in that area are likely to have increased after the August meeting due to the surprise step of the PBoC to allow for CNY depreciation.

"However, there is reason for optimism for the RBA. On the back of favourable signals from the labour market and the domestic econ-omy, it will wait and see and monitor the effects of the weaker CNY closely. AUD-USD is likely to have reached a new comfortable level for now", says Commerzbank.


Market Review August 17, 2015


Japan’s economy contracted in the second quarter as overseas demand for Japanese goods slumped and consumers cut back spending, raising pressure on Prime Minister Shinzo Abe to step up his policy drive to lift the economy out of decades of deflation. Japan’s GDP dropped -0.4% down from first quarter’s 1.0% growth while Prelim GDP Price Index rose 1.6% versus the estimated 2.2%.The data show that a sustainable recovery in the world’s third-largest economy has been elusive, despite efforts by Prime Minister Shinzo Abe and the Bank of Japan to stimulate growth. Japan’s economy expanded the previous two quarters, but that growth followed two quarters of contraction. USD/JPY is currently trading near the 124.55 area raising up from the 124.05 area.
Elsewhere, The International Monetary Fund (IMF) has called on Eurozone ministers to offer Greece debt relief, following the approval of a new bailout deal. Greece will receive up to €86bn in loans over the next three years, in return for tax rises and spending cuts. IMF chief Christine Lagarde welcomed the agreement, but warned Greek debt had become unsustainable. She said the country needed significant relief "well beyond what has been considered so far”. “Greece cannot restore debt sustainability solely through actions on its own," she added. Furthermore, German chancellor, Angela Merkel has said that she expects the International Monetary Fund to take part in a new €86bn bailout for Greece.

Released during the early European session, Swiss Retail Sales dropped -0.9% versus the estimated -0.6%. USD/CHF is currently trading near the 0.9777 area with the next resistance seen at 0.9798 level.

The key events for the day will be the Empire State Manufacturing Index, the Canadian Foreign Securities Purchases and German Buba Monthly Report.

Additional economic releases will be the Eurostat Trade Balance, NAHB Housing Market Index and TIC Long-Term Purchases.

Data releases to monitor:
EUR: Trade Balance, German Buba Monthly Report.
USD: Empire State Manufacturing Index, NAHB Housing Market Index, TIC Long-Term Purchases.
CAD: Foreign Securities Purchases.

Trade Idea of the Day

NZD/USD


Currently the pair is trading at 0.6542. Traders must monitor the 0.6649 resistance level and the support level of 0.6466 for possible breakouts. A possible scenario would be a movement towards the 0.6579 resistance level where a break may lead to the 0.6610 area. An alternative scenario could be a movement towards the 0.6509 support level where a break could lead to the 0.6480 area.

 

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Financial News August 18, 2015


No price pressure in UK

Recent, more dovish statements by the Bank of England have dampened rate-hike expectations in the UK. Sterling suffered, of course. Today, the ONS will release several inflation series for July. None of them is likely to signal that rate hikes are necessary.

Year-on-year producer price inflation looks set to be clearly negative.
According to Commerzbank, "Consumer prices are likely to have risen a bit more strongly, but not much. Headline inflation looks set to have remained at 0.0%. Only the core rate might provide a ray of hope; it might climb to 0.9% and thus be not too far away from the BoE's target of 2%. The BoE has recently focused on wage inflation, which should lead to price pressure if the economy is doing well."

IMF participation in Greek aid package more than a political question

The negotiations about the bailout package for Greece have reached their final stage - at least that is what the German government suggests. The FX markets are certain that the Bundestag will not withhold its agreement tomorrow.

While EUR-USD has depreciated slightly again over the last few days and is trading around 1.1060 this morning, the euro is not experiencing a significant bout of weakness, says Commerzbank.
Once again, the bailout package is throwing key structural concepts overboard which were originally introduced to protect the euro. The Bundesbank recently emphasized again that a haircut would definitely violate the EU Treaties. However, Greece benefited from a debt haircut some time ago.

Still, this "debt haircut light" has a small flaw, which might have significant consequences for EMU as a whole. This time, the IMF is at the centre of the problem. The fund says it will not participate in a bailout package which does not include a palpable debt haircut. That creates a problem for all those who claim that the support loans will be paid back eventually. Why is the IMF insisting on a debt haircut? Because, according to its analysis (which nobody contradicts), Greece´s debt level is unsustainable. Under its statutes, the IMF may not extend loans to countries if it is obvious that the debt service is not bearable in the long run (i.e. if the country has taken on too much debt). It seems quite impossible to find a compromise with the IMF on this issue.

If the IMF does not provide financial assistance, it will no longer be able to exercise pressure during the regular monitoring of the programme. And who, apart from the IMF, is really capable of monitoring whether Greece implements the agreed-upon reforms as planned? Neither the EU Commission nor the ECB have the necessary staff or expertise. Nor does the ESM, which was created only in 2013 and has only 140 employees. The IMF is the only organization which has decades of experience with helping flailing countries. And it can only use this expertise if it has the opportunity to exercise pressure. The real problem about a "debt haircut light" is that the IMF's know-how will not be available any longer. The Greek bailout has not been a success story so far, and it is unlikely to become one if the IMF is no longer one of the creditors.

The key question for the FX markets is now: How long will it take until the Greek issue pops up once more and negotiations for a fourth bailout package become necessary? The an-swer may surprise some: Without the IMF, it might take longer until it becomes obvious that the recently agreed measures are not implemented or insufficient. One reason is that the remaining supervisors are less experienced, another that all parties are under more political pressure. However, the longer the calm continues, the bigger the damage in the end, adds Commerzbank.


Market Review August 18, 2015


In minutes of its monetary policy meeting, the Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) said that weakening currency is assisting a transition away from mining investment, while adding that accommodative policy remains appropriate to support growth. Furthermore, the minutes for August meeting noted that “an accommodative monetary policy setting remained appropriate given the forecasts, while observing that the Australian dollar had been adjusting to the shift in activity in the resources sector from the investment production phase." The central bank reiterated that "further depreciation of the Australian dollar was expected to impart stimulus to the economy through stronger net exports."

The central bank kept its cash rate steady at 2.0 percent and noted that "New information about economic and financial conditions would continue to inform the Board’s assessment of the outlook and determine whether the current stance of the policy remained appropriate to foster sustainable growth and inflation consistent with the target."

RBA also commented on the expected rate hike by Fed this year and said that "it was likely that financial market volatility would increase and the U.S. dollar could appreciate further, including against the Australian dollar." AUD/USD remained within the previous days range and currently is trading near the 0.7345 area.

The early European session is quite empty with the focus turned on the UK inflation data that will be released later during the day.

Additional economic releases will be the United States Building Permits , Housing Starts and New Zealand’s GDT Price Index.

Data releases to monitor:

GBP: CPI, PPI Input, RPI, Core CPI, HPI, PPI Output.

USD: Housing Starts, Building Permits.

NZD: GDT Price Index.

Trade Idea of the Day

EUR/USD


Currently the pair is trading at 1.1067. Traders must monitor the 1.1213 resistance level and the support level of 1.0925 for possible breakouts. A possible scenario would be a movement towards the 1.1035 support level where a break may lead to the 1.0990 area. An alternative scenario could be a movement towards the 1.1103 resistance level where a break could lead to the 1.1155 area.

 

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Financial News August 19, 2015


JPY weakness may not prevent exports to fall

Japan's headline trade deficit widened in July to JPY268bn. The detail continues to show very weak underlying export performance. The country posted 7.6% year on year growth in exports. In volume terms, exports were down 0.7% y/y and the trend remains no better than flat.

The second leg of JPY weakness (from 100 to 120 in 2014 H2) appears to be bearing no more fruit than the first (from 80 to 100 in 2013), though the lack of evidence that JPY weakness is "working" will not stop it falling further, says RCB Capital Markets in a report on Wednesday.

ECB to revise macroeconomic outlook in September meeting

The July ECB minutes revealed cautious optimism, highlighting the fragility of the economic recovery, the weak inflation outlook and the balance of risks still tilted to the downside (even if these risks have not worsened since the June meeting).

Quite rightly, the members indicated that attention also needs to be paid to possible changes in commodity prices, to the slowdown in emerging markets and to exchange rate developments to the extent that they could affect the medium-term outlook for price stability. With the ongoing volatility in EM markets, the PBoC's decision to devalue the CNY and weakness in commodity prices, there is no doubt that the ECB will have to focus on these issues in the September policy meeting, possibly providing a revised macroeconomic outlook, including a lower inflation path, says Barclays.

Market Review August 19, 2015


During the Asian session this morning, minimal market movement was noticed in the FX market, due to the lack of significant economic releases and despite the persisting worries over China's economy and on the timing of the Federal Reserve interest-rate hike. Moreover, the Asian stocks fell a fourth day as a deepening commodities selloff raised concern that growth may be slowing in China. Furthermore, the Shanghai Composite index plunged 6.2% to close at 3748.16, which is the biggest drop since July 27.

Released during the Asian session, New Zealand’s PPI Input dropped -0.3% versus the estimated -0.5% while PPI Output dropped -0.2%. In addition, Japan’s Trade Balance came in at -0.37T versus the estimated -0.16T and All Industries Activity rose 0.3% versus the estimated 0.4% causing insignificant impact on the USD/JPY, which remained near the 124.25 area.

Elsewhere, the European Central Bank reduced the maximum level of emergency aid available to Greek banks in a sign the country's financial tensions are easing after a rescue package was agreed with creditors. More specifically, ECB decided to cut the ceiling on Emergency Liquidity Assistance provided by the Bank of Greece to EUR 89.7 billion from EUR 90.4 billion.

The main event for the day will be the FOMC Meeting Minutes, where the focus will be turned on the policy makers comments regarding the timing of the first rate hike and whether September is the appropriate time.

Additional economic releases will be the United States Core CPI, CPI and the ECB Current Account.

Data releases to monitor:

EUR: Current Account.

USD: Core CPI, CPI, FOMC Meeting Minutes, Crude Oil Inventories.

Trade Idea of the Day

EUR/AUD


Currently the pair is trading at 1.5031. Traders must monitor the 1.5296 resistance level and the support level of 1.4825 for possible breakouts. A possible scenario would be a movement towards the 1.5005 support level where a break may lead to the 1.4935 area. An alternative scenario could be a movement towards the 1.5115 resistance level where a break could lead to the 1.5160 area.

 

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Financial News August 20, 2015


Swedish economy to post 3% growth rate in 2015

The Swedish economy has developed pretty much as expected since the Riksbank's monetary policy meeting in July. Growth seems to be set for close to 3 % this year, employment and labour supply continue to increase (making the fall in unemployment only marginal) and inflation should increase from low levels, especially in Q4, says Nordea Bank in a report on Thursday.

The SEK trades close to the Riksbank's forecast. Also, the Riksbank's worries on the Greek situation should have eased somewhat since the previous meeting.
Nonetheless, the Riksbank is expected to provide further easing at its next monetary policy meeting on the 2nd of September, announcement the 3rd of September. A repo rate cut by another 10 bps, from -0.35% to -0.45% is expected, estimates Nordea Bank. The Riksbank expanded its government bond purchase programme by 45 bn SEK in July, thereby amounting to bn 135 SEK in total. The programme will be carried out throughout 2015. Nordea Bank states, neither an expanded programme or additional rate cuts below -0.45 % can be excluded.

Analysts still regard the Riksbank's inflation forecast being on the high side. Admittedly, the most recent inflation outcome surprised on the upside. Inflation (CPIF) stood at 0.9% y/y in July, 0.2% point higher than the Riksbank's projection. But overall cost pressures remain low and the inflation outlook is muted, adds Nordea Bank. Both electricity and fuel prices have declined over the summer, which has not yet fed through to the inflation readings to a full extent.

Chinese economic activity could pose risks to U.S. economic outlook

The low level of inflation and wage inflation is creating doubts in the U.S. economy. Some participants cited downside risks to inflation, pointing to the absence of any noticeable response of inflation to the reduction in resource slack over the past several years, risks of further declines in oil and commodity prices, and the possibility of further appreciation in the dollar.

The downward pressure on inflation from the previous declines in energy prices and the effects of past dollar appreciation would prove to be temporary.
Chinese economic activity could pose risks to the U.S. economic outlook. A possible divergence in interest rates in the United States and abroad might lead to further a

Market Review August 20, 2015


The Minutes from the Federal Reserve's meeting were out early 20 minutes before the official release and after a leak. Late July meeting minutes showed that policymakers are concerned about lagging inflation and that a stronger dollar and Chinese developments are threatening the US economy. What is worth noting is that the Fed meeting took place before Chinese devaluation of the Yuan in early August, which means that in their upcoming meeting the Central Bank may well consider such risk has increased and therefore delay a rate hike. Furthermore, Policy makers agreed that "the conditions for policy firming had not yet been achieved, but were approaching that point.” A mixed reaction was noticed in the markets as US Dollar lost its edge against other major currencies falling to a three-week low of 123.68 against the Japanese Yen while the EUR/USD rose to 1.1132 level extending its rebound from this week's low of 1.1016. Moreover, Gold rose to one-month high of 1.1140. The focus will be on the upcoming economic data before September Fed meeting, as Jobs, manufacturing and inflation data may signal a red light for the long expected Fed rate hike.

Released during the early European session this morning, Swiss Trade Balance came in at 3.74B versus the estimated 2.59B causing slight impact on the USD/CHF, which is currently trading near the 0.9660 area after falling from the 0.9780 area. Released from Germany, Producer Price Index (PPI) rose 0.0% versus the estimated -0.1%.

Elsewhere, U.S. oil fell to a six-year low below $41 a barrel, a price last seen at the height of the financial crisis in February 2009, raising expectations that crude could drop below $40 soon. The seasonal falloff in demand together with concerns about the Chinese economy and the continuing global glut of crude are estimated to be the main reasons for this price drop.

The main event for the day will be the United Kingdom Retail Sales, the United States Unemployment Claims, Existing Home Sales and Philly Fed Manufacturing Index.

Additional economic releases will be the Canadian Wholesale Sales and United Kingdom CBI Industrial Order Expectations.

View our full economic calendar for a daily roundup of major economic events.

Data releases to monitor:

EUR: Spanish 10-y Bond Auction.

USD: Unemployment Claims, Existing Home Sales, Philly Fed Manufacturing Index, CB Leading Index, Natural Gas Storage.

CAD: Wholesale Sales.

GBP: Retail Sales, CBI Industrial Order Expectations.

Trade Idea of the Day

GBP/JPY


Currently the pair is trading at 194.39. Traders must monitor the 195.25 resistance level and the support level of 192.00 for possible breakouts. A possible scenario would be a break of the 194.00 support with target 193.60 and possible the 193.20 area. An alternative scenario would be a move above 194.50 with possible testing of 194.90 level.

 

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Financial News August 21, 2015


USD absorbs depreciation of other currencies

At the margin newly arisen risks from China and the implied USD appreciation may dissuade those members of the FOMC who lack confidence in US economic momentum from voting for a hike in September.

But currencies cannot escape relative value; hence, the US as a largely closed economy with the greatest internal growth momentum is relatively less affected, implying the USD bears the burden of others' adjustment.
"Furthermore, if Fed policymakers are dissuaded from policy firming due to risks from China, it is even more likely that other major central banks' policies will push back tightening or move toward outright easing. It is worth stating that our forecasts implicitly force the USD to absorb nearly all of the depreciation of other currencies. This is not to say that the US is unaffected by Chinese growth or the weakening of the CNY", states Barclays in a ressearch note.


Bullish bias in EUR rates is unlikely to disappear

The bullish bias in EUR rates is unlikely to disappear as the ECB has little choice but to remain accommodative, if not increase this accommodation at some point. Therefore, a more bullish message from the September ECB meeting is possible.

"While there is a bullish bias in rates, levels are not found to be attractive to initiative a new outright position though. In EGBs, short-term tactical outperformance of Spain is seen versus Italy in the 10y sector with this week's Spanish auctions out of the way and Italy likely to issue a new 10y BTP at the 28 August month-end auction", says Barclays.

Bund ASW at 40bp trades close to the wides of the summer currently. While setting up for the September swapped issuance pipeline can put tightening pressure on spreads, the current level is not very expensive fundamentally, and the bullish sentiment in the rates market can likely overshadow any expected near-term swapped issuance anticipation near term.

"Therefore, a further outright rates rally is likely to be seen that squeezes Bund ASW more before considering any tactical shorts", added Barclays.

Euro area PMIs on focus

The EUR has been well supported of late, regardless of the latest developments pointing towards a rising probability of the ECB turning more aggressive on monetary policy, at least verbally. Both weakening commodity price developments and a stronger EUR may have increased downside risks to inflation considerably, especially if growth momentum fails to accelerate from the current levels.

From that angle today's focus will be on preliminary August PMI releases. Considering muted external demand prospects due to Asia related tensions, business activity is unlikely to improve strongly.
Under such conditions it cannot be excluded that medium-term inflation expectations as measured by 5y inflation swaps will continue to trend lower in the weeks to come, says CAB Bank. This in turn suggests that the ECB will have to become more aggressive in order to prevent deflation fears from reappearing. It must be noted that starting with the next week several central bank members including Executive Board member Coeure will speak.

"As a result to the above outlined conditions we advise against buying the single currency around the current levels, in particular against the USD and GBP", suggests CAB Bank.

Market attention remains on China and the Fed
Moving on from Greece, market attention remains on China and the Fed. Following China's currency devaluation last week, the Chinese stock market remained very volatile this week, facilitating the downward pressure on global stock markets and commodities with Brent oil down another c.5%, just shy of its lows in January.

Meanwhile, emerging markets, especially the currencies, are under remarkable pressure helped by the China story, Fed getting closer to the lift-up and domestic issues in certain EM countries. In this environment, bond markets have stayed resilient with 10 Bund rallying 7bp and 10y Treasuries and Gilt yields falling by 10bp.

Somewhat weaker-than-expected US inflation data and relatively dovish July FOMC minutes have also helped the bond market strength this week.

"The recent fall in oil price will also likely to lead the ECB to lower its inflation projections in the 3 September staff projections. Furthermore, at 1.12, EURUSD is struggling to cheapen, especially during flight-to-quality episodes, partly because it is also a funding currency now", says Barclays.

Lastly, with almost up to the 4y part of the German curve again trading below -20bp following the recent market rally, ECB is anecdotally pushing its QE purchases further out on the yield curve, not just in Germany but also in some peripheral issuers, which is making longer-end EGBs more resilient.

Market Review August 21, 2015

On the very day that Greece received the first tranche of its new EUR 86bn bailout package, from the European stability mechanism, the European Union’s rescue fund, Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras has decided to resign and call a snap general election, which will be held next month. In the next few months, Alexis Tsipras government has much to do in order to meet the terms of the bailout and persuade its creditors to consider giving Greece some much needed debt relief. The election will most probably complicate that timetable and will inevitably create more uncertainty about where the future of Greece. However, despite the risks it involves, Tsipras’s strategy seems necessary for broader democratic and political reasons.

Released during the Asian session, Japan Flash Manufacturing PMI came in at 51.9 versus the estimated 52.1, New Zealand Credit Card Spending rose 9.7% versus the previous of 6.6% and Chinese Caixin Flash Manufacturing PMI came in at 47.1 missing the estimated 48.1. The US Dollar is sharply lower against the other majors especially against Euro and Yen as markets seem to be adapting to expectations of a Fed rate hike in September. EUR/USD rose to the 1.1294 level making EUR the strongest currency for the week. Furthermore, Gold extended its gains reaching as high as $1168 per ounce.

Released during the early European session this morning, GfK German Consumer Climate came in at 9.9 versus the estimated 10.2, French Flash Manufacturing PMI came in at 48.6 versus the estimated 49.8 and French Flash Services PMI came in at 51.8 missing the estimated 52.1. Moreover, German Flash Manufacturing PMI came in at 53.2 beating the estimated 51.7 and German Flash Services PMI came in at 53.6 versus the estimated 53.7.

Elsewhere, the United States equities suffered the steepest one-day sell-off in more than a year on concern over global growth in China and other emerging markets. DJIA dropped -2.06% to close at 16990 and breaking below the 17000 handle, which is the largest decline since February last year. S&P 500 also dropped -2.11% to close at 2035.73.

The main event for the day will be the Canadian Core CPI, Core Retail Sales and United States and Europe Flash Manufacturing PMI.

Data releases to monitor:

EUR: Flash Manufacturing PMI, Flash Services PMI, Consumer Confidence.

USD: Flash Manufacturing PMI.

CAD: Core CPI, Core Retail Sales, CPI, Retail Sales.

GBP: Public Sector Net Borrowing.


Trade Idea of the Day

NZD/JPY


Currently the pair is trading at 81.36. Traders must monitor the 83.25 resistance level and the support level of 80.67 for possible breakouts. A possible scenario would be a movement towards the 81.19 support level where a break may lead to the 80.90 area. An alternative scenario could be a movement towards the 81.90 resistance level where a break could lead to the 82.15 area.

 

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Financial News August 24, 2015

EUR-USD at 1.15 What will ECB think about that?

The 1.15 in EUR-USD was not breached for the time being. Nonetheless the euro is the main benefactor of the uncertainty on the FX market. The current EUR strength could soon become an issue: speeches by no less than three ECB central bankers are due over the coming three days.

So far things have worked out well for the ECB on the currency side of things.
"However, the success of the QE strategy could soon be at risk if the euro records further gains. ECB President Mario Draghi made it clear at the last press conference that the ECB would be willing to use all tools available within its mandate should this be the case. The ECB will no doubt put up a fight", states Commerzbank in a report on Monday.

CNY to weaken on PBoCs policy dilemma

PBoC set USD-CNY fixing rate at 6.3862 this morning, compared with last closing of 6.3889. While China's central bank intends to stabilize the CNY spot rates, a strong selling CNH flows in the offshore market is seen due to concerns over China's slowdown.

USD-CNH breached above 6.4650 this morning, which has pushed up USD-CNY to around 6.40 as well.
In fact, China's central bank is facing a policy dilemma: the market liquidity is tightening due to capital outflows; nonetheless, if PBoC injects large amount of cash to ease the liquidity tightness, this will exacerbate the expectation of CNY depreciation. Therefore, weakening bias in CNY exchange rate in the near term is expected, argues Commerzbank.

Feds September decision: Little reason for USD weakness

In view of the successes of the US economy and the strong labour market in the US the fundamental factors continue to support the US dollar. However, the USD too was under attack today as a result of the risk-off sentiment.

At least against the EUR the USD was not the ultimate safe haven today. This is because, the risks in China and the turbulence this causes might cause the Fed to postpone its first rate step in September, states Commerzbank. To December at the earliest, but possibly even to early next year. The market is lowering its rate expectations, which is putting pressure on the US dollar.
Concerns about an end of the cheap money from the US are no doubt contributing to the current nervousness on the FX market. Even though US monetary policy would remain expansionary even after a first rate step. And even if the Fed was to postpone its first rate hike there is little scope for extensive dollar weakness. In that case other central banks would not only have to react to the risks emanating from China and to falling commodity prices, but also to the Fed's hesitant approach - and would probably have to implement further monetary policy steps, says Commerzbank.

Market Review August 24, 2015

On Sunday, the State Council of China announced that it allowed pension funds managed by local governments to invest in the stock market for the first time, potentially channelling hundreds of billions of Yuan into the country's struggling equity market. According to rules, published by the State Council, pension funds will be able to invest up to 30 percent of their net assets in the country's stocks, equity funds and balanced funds. Asian markets opened the week sharply lower affected by the meltdown in China stock market. China’s stocks plunged the most since 2007 as government support measures failed to allay investor concern that a slowdown in the world’s second-largest economy is deepening. The Shanghai Composite Index tumbled 8.5 percent to 3,209.91 at the close.

Moreover, global markets were affected by China’s worsening slowdown. The US Dollar suffered losses especially against Euro, the Japanese Yen and Swiss Franc. EUR/USD climbed to the 1.1497 area, USD/JPY dropped to the 120.70 area and USD/CHF plunged to the 0.9365 area. Furthermore, Crude oil extended its recent descent, reaching as low as $39 per barrel.

Elsewhere, Greece’s pre-election campaign has turned ugly before it has even officially started, Confusion over the timing of fresh elections in Greece has threatened to jeopardise the prospects for a smooth transition to a new government and the ability of the debt-stricken country to meet the conditions of its Euro 86bn bailout. The election campaign intensified over the weekend with officials preparing candidate lists and the appointment of a caretaker administration after the Prime Minister, Alexis Tsipras refused to participate in talks with other party leaders to form a new government. The prospect of snap elections in Greece has raised fears that the country will once again fall behind implementation of vital reforms as officials indicated the poll could be held as early as 20 September. Eurozone politicians and investors are keenly watching the situation in Athens after Tsipras said he needed to renew his mandate with the Greek people following the deal with Brussels.

The economic calendar is empty today with the focus turned on the developments in Greece, China and the emerging markets.


Trade Idea of the Day

EUR/JPY


Currently the pair is trading at 138.19. Traders must monitor the 138.95 resistance level and the support level of 137.06 for possible breakouts. A possible scenario would be a movement towards the 138.01 support level where a break may lead to the 137.75 area. An alternative scenario could be a movement towards the 138.54 resistance level where a break could lead to the 138.85 area.

 

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Financial News August 25, 2015


Chinese economy slowing at alarming pace

The latest sharp risk selloff in global market took many market analyst by a surprise. Part of the problem seems to be that unlike recent bouts of risk aversion the latest was not triggered by the 'usual suspects' - the Fed, the debt crisis in Europe or the fear of further selloff in commodity prices - but by China.

There is therefore little that the FOMC or the ECB (or, for that matter, the BoJ or the BoE) could do to lift the market risk sentiment. Indeed, the fear is that the Chinese economy is slowing at an alarming pace and that the domestic policy makers have fallen well behind the curve.

To make matters worse, weaker Chinese exports (because of sharp CNY REER appreciation in recent years and still feeble global trade) are among the culprits for the economic malice. This forced the PBOC to join the global currency wars with a bang couple of weeks ago. Weaker CNY should continue to propagate and prolong the negative impact from the Chinese demand shock on commodity and manufacturing exporters around the world, says CAB Bank in a research note on Tuesday.


Market Review August 25, 2015


China made the global economy looks fragile again. China started an alarming red light that caused global equities to collapse following a global sell off and the worst day in the last four years.

The JPY and EUR benefited the most of these and made fresh highs against the USD on Monday. Both the EUR and JPY are bought back as investors unwind positions in trades that entail higher risk but also higher potential return. The USD tumbled as this may have consequences to the US economy and the FED plans to hike the interest rates in September.

As Central banks tend to protect their financial markets, possible interventions or other actions may occur, a Japan official said that there is no plan for emergency MoF-BoJ-FSA meeting now, but possible if needed. In US Atlanta Fed Lockhart commented that a rate hike will begin sometime this year since normalization in monetary policy is needed, rates may remain low for some time more due to stronger USD and oil price drop that complicates growth forecasts. From Australia officials call for market calm as Australia fundamentals indicators are still good.

On the data front so far we had Australia’s CB Leading Index m/m at -0.2%, China’s CB Leading Index 0.9%. New Zealand’s Inflation Expectations announced at 1.9%. German Final GDP q/q came in at 0.4% and Switzerland’s Employment Level reported at 1.24 million.

German Info Business Climate and US CB Consumer Confidence and the US New Home sales will be among the highlights of the day.

Data releases to monitor:

EUR: German Ifo Business Climate

USD: US CB Consumer Confidence, US New Home sales,

CAD: Gov Council Member Schembri Speaks

Trade Idea of the Day

NZD/USD


Currently the pair is trading at 0.6515. Traders must monitor the 0.6797 resistance level and the support level of 0.6252 for possible breakouts. A possible scenario would be a movement towards the 0.6533 resistance level where a break may lead to the 0.6590 area. An alternative scenario could be a movement towards the 0.6428 support level where a break could lead to the 0.6370 area.

 

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Financial News August 26, 2015


Major economies growth likely to fall in next few years due to weaker CNY

Markets have been pricing in a higher risk of disinflationary pressure, and rightly so. Growth and inflation in the major economies are likely to fall in the next few years as a result of a weaker CNY.

Europe and Japan are more vulnerable than the US, and the effect would be positive only for China.
In line with this view, markets are anticipating that central banks will keep an easing bias, given the disinflationary influence of a weaker CNY. Core fixed income market have rapidly priced in these disinflation risks. Bond yields in major markets have fallen across the curve, but the moves have been more prominent in inflation breakevens, suggesting that inflation is a bigger concern than growth.

"We agree with this view in the euro area and perhaps the UK, but not in the US. In the latest Global Inflation-Linked Monthly: Avoid the bear trap, our inflation strategists recommend being long US BE inflation up the 5y sector (energy hedged)", says Barclays.

The market pricing of inflation is too aggressive, considering that the recent US inflation trends have been positive, labor markets have tightened further, and the Fed's reaction function is data dependant.

CNY has opened opportunities, notably in EM FX

As Chinese growth slowed and commodity prices fell, the currencies of commodity exporters and of China's regional trading partners have fallen versus the USD, which has also been strengthening versus major currencies as the US recovery gathers momentum and monetary policy easing is reduced.

The CNY move has led to further concerns about EM generally and EM and commodity currencies in particular.
"The external environment for EM has been more difficult since 2011 and it is likely to get tougher, given that the USD and US rates are likely to rise further and that commodity prices will have limited upside as China continues to slow in the next few years", says Societe Generale.

A stronger USD, in particular, is usually associated with higher US rates, it dents the FX appreciation gains on EM assets and increases the value of USD-denominated EM debt.


Market Review August 26, 2015


China’s central bank cut interest rates on Tuesday and said it would pump liquidity into the banking sector in an attempt to boost the slowing economy. Moreover, PBoC announced that it had reduced its benchmark one-year lending rate by 25 basis points to 4.6 per cent, effective from Wednesday August 26, which is the fifth time to cut rates since November. Furthermore, the bank also cut the one-year savings rate by 25 basis points to 1.75 per cent and said it would lower the reserve requirement ratio for large banks 50 basis points to 18 per cent from September 6. In addition, Shanghai Composite index closed down 1.3 percent at 2,926.3, as investor confidence remained frail despite fresh monetary stimulus.

The Japanese Yen remains the strongest currency for this week followed closely by the Euro and Swiss franc. Dollar and Sterling remained in the same tight range. USD/JPY is currently trading near the 119.45 area, GBP/USD near the 1.5685 area, USD/CHF near the 0.9420 and EUR/USD near the 1.1500 area.

Released during the Asian session, New Zealand’s Trade Balance came in at -649M versus the estimated -665M, causing insignificant impact on NZD/USD, which remained near the 0.6485 area. Japan Services Producer Price Index (SPPI) rose 0.6% beating the estimated 0.4% and Australian Construction Work Done rose 1.6% versus the estimated -1.5%.

Released during the early European session, Swiss UBS Consumption Indicator came in at 1.64 compared to the previous of 1.61.

Elsewhere, Oil prices staged a comeback on Tuesday, amid gains from bargain hunting and short covering spurred on by an interest rate cut from China’s central bank. Light, sweet crude for October delivery settled 2.8% up at $39.31 a barrel while Brent gained 1.2%, to $43.21 a barrel. Both had fallen to fresh six-year lows Monday as a broad market selloff sparked by China added to a series of massive losses from an unrelenting flood of supply.

The main event for the day will be the United States Core Durable Goods Orders, FOMC Member Dudley speech and Crude Oil Inventories.

Additional economic releases will be the United Kingdom BBA Mortgage Approvals and CBI Realized Sales.


Data releases to monitor:


USD: Core Durable Goods Orders, Durable Goods Orders, FOMC Member Dudley speech, Crude Oil Inventories.

GBP: BBA Mortgage Approvals, CBI Realized Sales.


Trade Idea of the Day


GBP/USD



Currently the pair is trading at 1.5690. Traders must monitor the 1.5818 resistance level and the support level of 1.5561 for possible breakouts. A possible scenario would be a movement towards the 1.5720 resistance level where a break may lead to the 1.5770 area. An alternative scenario could be a movement towards the 1.5659 support level where a break could lead to the 1.5610 area.
 

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Financial News August 27, 2015


PBoC may take additional monetary easing
The PBoC has already cut interest rates and the reserve requirement ratio (RRR) twice since June as a response to the stock market turmoil. Additional monetary easing is expected but the benefit of every additional move is likely to be smaller.

During summer, a number of unprecedented measures have been introduced, such as outright ban of selling for investors holding more than 5% of a stock and large purchases from the "national team". Neither of these measures has been able to stop the market crashing.

Larger policy interventions is needed in case the equity turmoil spills over to the real economy, says Nordea Bank. The massive stimulus to stabilise the economy during the Global Recession clearly had negative side-effects, including the build-up of a housing bubble and a credit bubble and thus the economy will need to be in fairly big need to prompt larger-scale easing measures.

Nordea Bank suggests additional policy steps in order of likelihood:

High likelihood: Rate cuts, RRR cuts and ad hoc measures directly aimed at the equity markets
Medium likelihood:Larger-scale fiscal and monetary easing
Low likelihood: Additional significant CNY devaluation

Increased likelihood of ECB extending QE program
At least ECB member Peter Praet does not mice his words. In his view there are risks as regards the inflation target due to developments in the global economy and on the commodity markets.

According to Praet, the ECB is prepared to extend the QE programme or to increase its volume.
Next week Mario Draghi, who by the way is not going to the wilderness of Wyoming, will announce new projections for growth and inflation at the ECB meeting. At that stage the market will receive more information on the future of QE.

"There is an increased likelihood that QE will be extended beyond September 2016 the longer the turbulence on the financial markets persist thus leading to increased concerns about the long term impacts on the real economy", says Commerzbank.

Market Review August 27, 2015


Yesterday markets were volatile and behaved as expected and corrected the Monday’s drop. The US stock market indices DJIA and S&P show the biggest percentage gain in the last four years. In Asia Nikkei followed and gain 250 pts, same for HSI that rised as well. Also, China's Shanghai composite is up by 5.3% and reclaimed 3080 level.

In the currency markets, comments from FED official William Dudley downplayed prospects of a September rate hike helped USD and the market to stabilise. Investors reacted by unwinding recent moves that lifted both the JPY and the EUR. "The yen, euro and Swiss franc are funding currencies...and so when things calm down, dollar/yen can rise and the euro can slip against the dollar," said Satoshi Okagawa, senior global markets analyst for Sumitomo Mitsui Banking Corp in Singapore.

On the data front so far we had Australia’s Private Capital Expenditure q/q at -4% missing the forecast of -2.5%. Eurozone M3 Money Supply y/y came in at 5.3%. IN US today main focus will be Prelim GDP q/q and Unemployment Claims.

Data releases to monitor:

EUR: Private Loans y/y

USD:
Prelim GDP q/q, Unemployment Claims, Pending Home Sales m/m


Trade Idea of the Day


EUR/CAD



Currently the pair is trading at 1.4946. Traders must monitor the 1.5445 resistance level and the support level of 1.4695 for possible breakouts. A possible scenario would be a movement towards the 1.4790 support level where a break may lead to the 1.4695 area. An alternative scenario could be a movement above the support level of1.5230 with target the 1.5375 area.

 
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