The accumulation/distribution line is similar to On Balance Volume but varies by adding only a portion of each day's volume to the cumulative total depending on the position of the closing price (see calculation)
When the accumulation/distribution line is moving up it depicts buying (accumulation) and when moving down it depicts selling (distribution). When a divergence appears between the accumulation/distribution line and the price it implies that the price will reverse. For example, if the accumulation/distribution line is moving up and the price of the instrument is falling then the price is likely to reverse.
A portion of daily volume is added or subtracted from a cumulative total. More volume is added the nearer the close to the high for the day and more subtracted the nearer the close to the low. Nothing is added or subtracted when the close is equidistant between the day's high and low.
 See also